IELTS Writing Task 2 Model Answer: Technology & Divides In Society

Mar 26, 2024 | IELTS Test

Technology and divisions in society are favourite topics for IELTS item writers.

Consider this question and how you would approach it before reading about how we approached this question and model answer…

IELTS Task 2 Prompt

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some argue that today’s widespread technology is widening divides in society, enriching the wealthy while leaving the poor behind. Others believe it is doing the opposite.

Discuss both views and give you own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

image of lady using a smartphone and laptop in a public cafe

How We Approached This Question

Introduction: We started with a statement that acknowledges the debate around technology’s impact on societal divides. We quickly transitioned to a thesis statement that clearly presents our viewpoint (essential in the IELTS test) that technology, when leveraged with intentional inclusivity, can indeed serve as a powerful tool to bridge societal gaps rather than widen them.

First Body Paragraph: We dove into the argument that technology exacerbates divides, presenting it as a common concern but framing it in a way that set up our counter-argument. We discussed how the initial cost and learning curve of new technologies can be prohibitive for lower-income individuals, which seemingly supports the widening divide.

Second Body Paragraph: We shifted to the counterargument which aligns with our thesis. We discussed how technology provides unprecedented access to resources and opportunities for all, particularly through education and digital platforms. We used specific examples to strengthen our argument, such as online learning platforms and mobile banking in developing countries.

Third Body Paragraph: Here we reiterated our viewpoint and suggested how it might be supported.

Conclusion: We reiterated our thesis, summarising the key points made in our essay (again essential in IELTS). We ended with a forward-looking statement that calls for a concerted effort to ensure technology benefits everyone.

By starting with your opinion in the introduction, you clearly set the direction of your essay right from the beginning, making your subsequent arguments more cohesive and directed towards supporting your viewpoint — these are all factors which an IELTS examiner considers when awarding your band score.

Model Answer Task 2 Answer 

In today’s rapidly evolving digital age, the debate over whether technology is a force for widening societal divides or bridging them is more relevant than ever. In my view, technology holds the promise of being a great equaliser, offering tools and platforms that can empower individuals across all socioeconomic backgrounds. 

Firstly, the argument that technology primarily benefits the affluent, who can afford the latest innovations, does hold some merit. This perspective suggests that access to cutting-edge tools and services can significantly enhance one’s lifestyle and opportunities, potentially leaving those less fortunate at a disadvantage. The cost of the latest technology and the speed with which it must be replaced to keep up with innovations can be prohibitive for many.

However, the counterargument—that technology democratises access to information and opportunities, thus serving to narrow the wealth gap—is compelling. Technologies such as the internet and mobile devices have revolutionised how we access education, financial services, and entrepreneurship, making these resources more accessible than ever before. Many African nations saw a burgeoning local business scene once the general population gained access to smartphones. 

I firmly believe that technology, when leveraged appropriately, can significantly reduce societal disparities. It has the potential to offer universal benefits that transcend economic barriers, but achieving this requires conscious efforts to ensure equitable access and inclusivity.

In conclusion, while technology can indeed contribute to socioeconomic divides if left unchecked, its capacity to democratise education and opportunities positions it as a powerful tool for social equity. It is crucial to foster an environment where technology serves all layers of society, supporting my stance that technology, overall, has the potential to bridge, rather than widen, societal divides.

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