IELTS Writing Academic Task 1 is the most challenging task — not least because of the large number of different types of data sets you may encounter.
The model answer below answers a pie and bar chart combination illustrating health and fitness data.
The essay follows the following format:
1st paragraph: contains the introduction, which paraphrases the statement given with the task
2nd paragraph: reports the data contained in the pie chart
3rd paragraph: reports the statistics from the bar chart
4th paragraph: contains the overview (which also compares the bar and pie chart in a single sentence)
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie chart below shows how UK citizens divide their time each week. The bar graph shows how many hours they spend on health and fitness.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words
The pie chart and bar chart illustrate how long people in the UK spend on managing their health and wellbeing. Information is broken down by activity in the pie chart and by both age group and gender in the bar chart.
The pie chart shows people spend only a small minority of their total time working out or on other pursuits related to their health and fitness – three and four per cent respectively. The rest is divided between sleeping, at 32%, and other activities.
The bar chart, meanwhile, shows that time spent on endeavours such as exercise and meal preparation varies widely by demographic. Up to the age of 24, men spend slightly more of their time on health and wellbeing than women, an average of 10 hours, though this trend is reversed in those aged between 25 and 54. Men and women aged 18-24 invest the highest proportion of their time in health and wellbeing, an average of 12.5 hours – slightly more than those aged between 25 and 39. People aged from 40 to 54 spend considerably less of their time – 9 units – on health and wellbeing, precisely the same proportion on average as those in both the youngest and oldest age groups.
Overall, time spent on health and fitness peaked between the ages of 18 and 39, but only occupied a small amount of people’s time.
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