Model IELTS Task 2 essay: Universal Income

Sep 14, 2020 | IELTS, IELTS Test, IELTS Writing

Looking for a model IELTS Writing Task 2 essay? 

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This is a discuss both views question, and we have used the following template…

Introduction: with our position
Body Paragraph 1: first point of view
Body Paragraph 2: second point of view
Conclusion: restating the author’s position

You can see a more general and detailed template for Task 2 questions on this page. For further details on how to answer all the different Task 2 question, click here.

The Question

Some people believe that everyone should be given a monthly sum of money, regardless of their income, resources or employment status. Others say that this would create more problems than it solves.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.


The Answer

Universal income refers to the economic model of paying everyone in society a set monthly allowance. Every citizen is paid a monthly sum, regardless of salary, employment status and circumstance. With unemployment soaring, the need for a universal benefit as a credible means of tackling economic and social problems has been brought to the fore. 

Many in support of giving everyone a guaranteed monthly allowance believe it is a simple and efficient way to reduce inequality, poverty, and homelessness. Having lived in Manchester since the 1990s, I have witnessed a sharp increase in homelessness in one of Europe’s inequality hotspots. I believe universal income is a sustainable solution to combating poverty and ensuring fewer people end up on the street. The scheme is also lauded as a way of avoiding the poverty trap of means-tested welfare benefits. 

Universal basic income is not without condemnation. Critiques of the system warn that it could disincentivize work and encourage laziness. The cost of implementing this type of welfare program is another primary criticism. Costing more than other benefits, some are cautionary that the payments would lead to high taxes, which, in turn, would also discourage people from working. Another leading concern is that more affluent recipients do not need the allowance and it should only be paid to the poorest in society. 

The current health crisis has highlighted the shortcomings of our welfare system. Despite the arguments against the common benefit, it is difficult to deny that by providing everyone with a liveable revenue, universal income could act as an effective way to abolish poverty.  

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